To understand how to treat nail mycosis first we have to identify the causes of this infection. Nail mycosis, also known as Onychomycosis or Paonnychia, can be painful and very embarrassing. These infections are caused by a fungus (Tinea Unguium), a small fungus that feeds on keratin, the dominant protein in the nails.

It is a very contagious disease and the severity of the symptoms can be influenced by host conditions such as changes in pH, decreased blood circulation or a weak immune system. When attacked the nails have a brownish or yellowish colour and a rough and thick texture. In more advanced states the nail becomes deformed or displacement may occur (the nail becomes hollow).

Nail Mycosis It is very easy to be infected by this fungus. The most common causes are lack of hygiene, walking barefoot in humid environments that may be infected, such as showers in gymnasiums or swimming pools, or not drying the feet properly, because this fungus is known to develop in humid and dark environments, so the probability of infection is much higher in the toenails. Nail fungi love the humid and dark environment of closed shoes.

Like any other disease the treatment of nail mycosis is much easier in its early stages but is usually neglected in its early stages because it causes no pain or discomfort.
Only when the nail starts to look ugly and rough do people decide to opt for a treatment against the fungus.

However, nail mycosis is a serious disease, because in the more advanced stages, besides its ugly appearance, it can cause strong pains and lead to the fall of the nail. In addition, the oral treatments prescribed by doctors are usually quite strong and have several side effects, and some of the treatments applied directly to the fingers can cause painful cracks. These fungicide treatments can also increase the symptoms of other illnesses that the patient already has, so doctors tend to advise patients not to do any treatments when the disease is still in the beginning (which is wrong, because that is when it is easier to treat) or advise natural treatments.

Common treatments for nail mycosis

In the past, treatments for nail mycosis were few and inefficient. However, with the advancement of medicine there are already some efficient treatments. In order to be successful in treating nail fungus, the fungus must be completely eliminated from the nail. For this to occur, the sick nail must be completely replaced by a healthy, fungus-free nail. As the nail grows very slowly, this process takes a long time. The treatment requires a lot of patience and perseverance until results are obtained. Some patients may be able to eliminate the symptoms in just over a month, but most may take up to six months (the time it takes for a complete nail to grow), depending on the patient and the state of the infection.

Treatments for nail mycosis can be oral or local, but for the most severe cases you will have to use both types of treatment to get results, and in extreme cases doctors even prescribe total elimination of infected nails.

Oral remedies are fungicides of wide aspect and are usually very harmful for the whole organism, which besides presenting strong side effects and weakening the immune system, they also kill some of the beneficial flora that exists naturally in our body, potentiating the appearance of other diseases.

There are also some creams and fungicide oils for direct application in the nails (less intrusive to the body) but many are inefficient because the nail itself is a strong barrier to its penetration. As a prevention these remedies should be applied to all nails and not only those infected in order to prevent contagion. Nail mycosis

Normally the nails that are first infected are the big toe nail and/or the small toe nail, but if not treated in time they can infect all the nails of the same foot or hand, or even all the nails of the patient. Most of the time the treatment for nail mycosis has to be applied to all nails until the infected nails are completely replaced by a new and healthy nail.

Natural medicine in the treatment of nail mycosis

One of the biggest problems in the treatment of nail mycosis is its long duration and the harmful side effects that chemical remedies can cause during all this time. That is why natural medicine is the only recommended treatment for nail mycosis. Natural treatments are preferred by almost everyone as long as they find something that works. It involves oils (such as Tea Tree Oil) and other plant extracts that can kill the fungus, but they are not easy to apply in the right proportions and usually only one of them cannot eliminate the infection, so using home-made remedies for this type of infection becomes complicated.