Candidiasis is a disease caused by a group of fungi that can affect various areas of the body, inside and out. There are more than twenty species of this fungus living normally in our body without causing symptoms most of the time, but when one of the fungi multiplies disorderly due to any external cause it can cause infections that manifest in different ways in the body.
Among the fungi in this family the most well known for their harmful symptoms is the candidiasis fungus.
Candida Fungus Healthy skin is able to block the fungus, but one cut is enough to allow the candy fungus to penetrate and cause the infection.
The nails, wounds or cuts on the skin, as well as on the mouth and genital organs are the areas that are normally infected with candidiasis, because they are hot and humid places where the fungus can penetrate and multiply easily.
In rare cases candidiasis can expand internally throughout the body causing various types of candidiasis symptoms or remaining symptom-free. This is what occurs in about 70% of cases. However, mouth and genital infections, the most common form, can result in severe infections which are difficult to treat and which reappear regularly.
What causes candidiasis
The candidiasis fungus is normally present in our body and skin, usually caught by physical contact with an infected person, even without him/her presenting symptoms of candidiasis, by contact with animals or even by inanimate objects.
Or in nature, where it exists in abundance. Gardens and lawns where an infected animal deposits its feces.
Normally controlled by the immune system of a healthy person can go through long periods without showing any symptoms. But when conditions are ideal; the immune system weakens due to some disease or our beneficial flora is destroyed by antibiotics the fungus can multiply in large quantities and infections appear.
Usually the fungus attacks the most sensitive and moist areas of the body, so the symptoms of candidiasis usually appear in the mouth, penis, vagina and surrounding areas and sometimes around wounds that allow it to enter the body.
The symptoms start with an inflammation around the infected area that causes strong itching and burning and drift into pimples. In the mouth the candidiasis is usually identified by its whitish appearance, but in the other areas of the body it may not have this characteristic. Vaginal candidiasis can cause an unpleasant smell.
Oral candidiasis When it attacks the genital area, particularly vaginal candidiasis, this is when its symptoms are most unpleasant. Oral candidiasis (often mistaken for canker sores) is also very common and uncomfortable and can start in the corners or on the roof of the mouth and quickly spread to the whole mouth, tongue and even the esophagus.
It can also present other symptoms, most often not connected with candidiasis, such as depression, sudden mood changes, weakness, irritation and bone pain.
About two thirds of people experience candidiasis symptoms at least once in their life, and many of them experience candidiasis symptoms regularly.
Candidiasis is the most common reason for itching, burning and running in women. Candida fungus, usually present in small amounts in the vagina, can easily multiply and cause vaginal candidiasis, the most uncomfortable.