Vaginitis is inflammation of the vagina that can cause pain, itching and vaginal discharge and is the result of vaginal infection usually due to an imbalance of benign bacteria present in the body.

There are basically three causes of vaginitis: bacterial vaginitis (which is caused by the abnormal growth of bacteria normally present in the vagina in small amounts), parasitic vaginitis (which is caused by a parasite called trichomonas) and fungicidal vaginitis (which is caused by the fungus candida albicans and is usually called candidiasis). Of the three types the most common is fungicidal vaginitis, which accounts for more than 70% of cases.

Vaginitis caused by the candida fungus results from an imbalance between this fungus (which is very present in nature and in the human body) and the benign bacteria present in the body that are normally able to control the candida fungus.

Vaginitis When there is an imbalance or when something affects the benign bacteria the candida fungus is able to reproduce in an uncontrolled way and cause the symptoms we call candidiasis.

When the candida fungus develops uncontrollably in a woman it causes strong itching throughout the vagina and surrounding areas, burning (especially when urinating) can cause pain in sexual intercourse and usually a vaginal discharge that can be sticky and smell unpleasant. All these symptoms of vaginitis are extremely uncomfortable.

This fungus also attacks men, however women are its preferred victims because the vagina is a wetter environment, and therefore more favourable is its multiplication.

The causes of vaginitis are diverse as this fungus is an opportunist that is always on the lookout for multiplication, but usually due to an event that affects the bacteria present in the body. Most of the time it is due to the taking of antibiotics or treatments for other diseases that cause the imbalance, eating disorders (namely an abusive consumption of sugars), changes in PH and often it is also triggered by stress crises.

Prevention of vaginitis is the first step to take, especially by those who have had previous attacks, and consists of maintaining a balanced diet, controlling stress, controlling excess sugar, avoiding antibiotics, keeping the vaginal area well washed and dry, and wearing cotton underwear to prevent humidity caused by sweating. The daily consumption of yoghurts (preferably natural) is also very beneficial because they contain bacteria that can restore the hormonal balance of our system.

Taking antibiotics or steroids is one of the most common causes of fungicidal vaginitis, as antibiotics keep all bacteria (good and bad) and leave the path clear for fungi to proliferate. If we add to this a high consumption of sugars, the main food of fungi, we have the ideal conditions for the appearance of fungicidal vaginitis.

In fact, antibiotics are the main drugs used to combat bacterial vaginitis by conventional medicine, in oral form or vaginal suppositories. But as when used in the treatment of other bacterial infections they kill all the bacteria and not only the harmful ones so they leave the way open for candidiasis and other diseases caused by fungus, which are not affected by antibiotics, so more and more women are preferring natural treatments. Symptoms of Vaginitis

Many women are choosing natural treatments for vaginitis. And although natural treatments work best for fungicidal vaginitis they are equally important in treating bacterial vaginitis because they strengthen the immune system and can thus be a complement to be used in conjunction with antibiotics.

Sexual abstinence during treatment is also important, not only to avoid catching the disease to the partner, but also to avoid that when infected, the partner can transmit the vaginitis to the woman again after the treatment is over. In more severe chaos it is advisable the partner’s medication, even in the absence of symptoms.

Some home remedies can be used against vaginitis such as local placement of natural yoghurt to restore benign bacteria, apple vinegar or Tea Tree Oil diluted in water, garlic and honey, but they are troublesome to apply and not very effective when the disease is already advancing.