The prostate is the sex gland that is part of the male reproductive system that is responsible for producing semen, the fluid that carries sperm. It is about the size of a walnut. It is located in the pelvis, below the bladder in front of the rectum, surrounded by the urethra. When a man reaches a certain age, approximately 40, the prostate tends to enlarge more than normal. This can be caused by dilation or another health problem.
Prostate cancer is much more common than believed, and is the second leading cause of death in men. It starts in the prostate gland and causes the body’s cells to change and grow out of control. In most cases, prostate cancer develops slowly, but in some men it can grow quickly and even spread to other parts of the body.
Although its cause is still unknown, there are certain factors that are believed to increase the chances of suffering from it:
Age, when you pass 40
Inheritance, when they have had parents, siblings, uncles or grandparents with this problem.
Poor nutrition, especially men who abuse animal fats
Lack of exercise, when they lead a sedentary life
Although there are no symptoms in the early stages of cancer, symptoms may vary from person to person. But if you have discomfort or pain when urinating, painful ejaculation, blood in the semen or urine, hip, pelvis or back discomfort, it is necessary to visit your family doctor for the necessary tests.
Prostate cancer can be diagnosed by medical tests:
Palpation in the affected area: by a digital scan that is performed to evaluate the size, consistency, mobility, limits and pain. No previous preparation is necessary.
Urine tests — to confirm if there is an infectious process
Transrectal ultrasound: it is not a mandatory test but it is very helpful in case there is urinary discomfort.
Prostate biopsy: this is the only test that can confirm if there is cancer by taking tissue samples. It consists of inserting a needle into the prostate to remove some of the cell tissue and analyse it through a procedure under the microscope.
It is very important that when a person is found to have prostate cancer, he or she starts treatment so that he or she has more options.
Treatments for Prostate Cancer
Surgery-An incision is made below the navel and the hyperplastic tissue is removed. This surgery is for people who have a very inflamed prostate.
Transurethral resection of the prostate-A device is inserted through the urethra, where urine comes out.
No incision is needed, because this method removes benign growth fragments from the prostate.
Green laser: this is one of the safest techniques, as it does not produce bleeding and is as effective as prostate surgery. This method is ideal for high-risk patients on anticoagulant treatments, and there are no post-surgical sequelae.
Radiotherapy: it is also a great treatment but the patient may suffer from tiredness, hair loss, diarrhoea and pain when urinating.
Hormonal therapy: the consequences of this treatment are loss of sexual appetite, impotence or sudden increases in temperature, which are normal.